how old do rabbits have to be to breed

How Old do Rabbits Have to Be to Breed?

Rabbits are relatively easy to raise and breed, especially when compared to other animal species. But exactly how old do rabbits need to be before they can reproduce?

Female Rabbits

Female rabbits, or does, are able to breed as soon as they reach sexual maturity, which typically is around 4–5 months of age when they reach 2.5lbs of body weight. In rare cases, some female rabbits may not reach sexual maturity until they are 8 months old. Breeding female rabbits too young is not only dangerous for the doe, but can also lead to more complications, including the potential for an underdeveloped reproductive system. To ensure that does are healthy and will produce healthy offspring, it is important for them to reach sexual maturity before attempting to breed.

Male Rabbits

Male rabbits, or bucks, can usually begin to breed at around 5-7 months of age, as long as they are mature enough. If a buck is too young, this could lead to aggression and fertility issues. To be sure that the buck is mature enough before breeding, it is best to wait until he is at least 5 months of age and physically larger than the doe.


The health of both mother and kits is of utmost importance when considering breeding rabbits. It is not recommended to breed until the doe is at least 9–10 months of age, has had a physical exam and cleared any health tests, and is in good physical condition.

Important Points:

  • Female rabbits should reach sexual maturity, around 4–5 months of age.
  • Male rabbits should wait until 5-7 months of age to breed
  • Both the doe and buck should have physical exams and be in good health

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