How to Breed Guinea Pigs
Preparing for Breeding:
- Choose the desired combination of guinea pigs for mating and make sure they are both healthy -a full veterinarian checkup is recommended.
- Provide a comfortable environment for the guinea pigs with ample space for them to move around.
- Make sure the guinea pigs have access to a balanced diet of hay, fresh vegetables, and commercial feed.
- Place the guinea pigs in the same area, typically a large cage. It is not recommended to place the males and females in the same cage permanently, as they may exhibit aggressive behavior.
- Introduce the guinea pigs in short periods of time, preferably a few hours at a time until they appear comfortable with one another.
- Once the guinea pigs appear to be comfortable together in the same area, they should display mating behaviors, such as mounting and squeaking.
- Keep the guinea pigs separated during pregnancy. It is important to separate them for the safety of both the male and female, as the male may become aggressive and the female can become overwhelmed.
- Continue to provide a balanced diet and comfortable environment for the guinea pigs during the pregnancy.
- Keep track of the pregnancy dates, as the gestation period is usually 59 – 72 days.
- Keep the father away from the mother and babies until the babies can move around freely and eat solid food. This typically occurs after 10 days.
- Separate the father and mother from any other guinea pigs and place the babies together in a large cage.
- Provide a balanced diet and comfortable environment for the mother and babies as they grow.
- It is important to monitor the health of all the guinea pigs, as any changes early in their development can be a sign of pending problems.