what do hedgehogs need in their cage

Providing an Appropriate Environment for Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs make rewarding pets and require an environment that meets their needs. To ensure your pet hedgehog is happy and healthy, here is an overview of what they need in their cage.


Every hedgehog should have a least 5,500 square inches of wall space to ensure they have enough space to move around and explore. This means that their cage should measure at least 2 feet by 2.5 feet in length and width, and stand at least 18 inches tall.


Hedgehogs do well with shredded paper as their substrate, as it is non-toxic, easy to clean and safe for your pet. Aspen, coconut husk and other shredded vegetation can also make suitable bedding, but always check that the material is pesticide-free.


Hedgehogs need temperatures ranging from 72 to 80°F (22 to 27°C). Keep the cage away from drafts, vents or any area that is excessively hot or cold. Additionally, a ceramic infrared heat emitter should be placed outside the cage to keep your hedgehog warm at night.


Allow your hedgehog to make a cozy bed in its cage by providing shredded paper, straw and other cosy bedding materials. Avoid blankets and towels as pieces might be swallowed or get tangled up in your hedgehog’s quills.


Hedgehogs are active and inquisitive creatures, so it’s important to provide toys and other items that allow them to play, explore, and forage for food. You can offer tunnels, boxes and the occasional cardboard toilet roll tube or egg carton.

Food & Water

Your hedgehog should have access to water at all times, from a water bottle attached to the cage, or a shallow dish. For food, they need a reliable source of insects and other proteins, as well as leafy greens, vegetables and fruits, which should all be chopped into small pieces.

In conclusion, providing a suitable environment for your pet hedgehog is key to ensuring they stay happy and healthy. Follow the guidelines above to create an enjoyable home for your hedgehog, and give them a safe, stimulating place to live.

The essentials:

  • At least 5,500 square inches of wall space
  • Shredded paper, straw or other non-toxic substrate
  • Temperatures of 72-80°F
  • Toys and enrichment items
  • Water bottle and shallow dish for food
  • Leafy greens, vegetables and other proteins

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