what species are hedgehogs

Hedgehogs: A Comprehensive Overview of Species

Hedgehogs are small, spiny mammals with a diverse array of species. They are often kept as pets, but can also be found living in the wild. In this article, we will explore the different species of hedgehogs and their unique characteristics.

African Pygmy Hedgehogs

African Pygmy Hedgehogs are the most common species of hedgehog kept as pets. They are originally from Africa and measure in at around 4-8 inches in length. They are fairly easy to take care of, and have a lifespan of 4-6 years.

Indian Long-Eared Hedgehogs

Indian Long-Eared Hedgehogs, also known as desert hedgehogs, inhabit the desert-like regions of India and Pakistan. They have long ears, and a tapering tail. Indian Long-Eared Hedgehogs are quite rare and are difficult to keep as pets.

White-Bellied Hedgehogs

White-Bellied Hedgehogs are native to East African countries like Ethiopia and Somalia. They measure around 4-8 inches in length and have a distinctive white bellies. White-Bellied Hedgehogs are nocturnal and solitary, meaning they live alone.

European Hedgehogs

European Hedgehogs are the most common species of hedgehog found in the wild. They are native to Europe, parts of Asia, and North Africa. They measure in at around 6-10 inches in length and have a lifespan of 4-7 years. They are discovered foraging for food in the evening, using their sense of smell and hearing to find their prey.


To summarize, there are five species of hedgehog currently known to science. These include:

  • African Pygmy Hedgehogs – found in Africa and common as pets
  • Indian Long-Eared Hedgehogs – inhabit deserts of India and Pakistan
  • White-Bellied Hedgehogs – native to East Africa and nocturnal
  • European Hedgehogs – most common species in the wild

Hedgehogs have a diverse array of species, and each one is unique and fascinating. Whether you are looking for a pet or just interested in learning more, understanding the different species is a great place to start.

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